Tooth pain is a common problem that can range from mild discomfort to severe agony. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including cavities, gum disease, injury, and infections. Understanding the most common causes of tooth pain can help you take steps to prevent it and seek prompt treatment if necessary.

Cavities

Cavities, also known as dental caries, are one of the most common causes of tooth pain. They occur when bacteria in the mouth produce acids that erode the enamel of your teeth. Over time, the acid can penetrate deeper into the tooth and cause a cavity, which can cause pain and sensitivity when you bite or chew.

Gum disease

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common cause of tooth pain. It is caused by plaque, a film of bacteria that forms on your teeth and gums. Over time, the plaque can irritate your gums and cause them to become red, swollen, and painful. If left untreated, gum disease can damage the tissues that support your teeth and cause tooth loss.

Injury

Injury to your teeth, such as a crack or chip, can cause pain and sensitivity. An injury can also expose the nerves inside your teeth, which can cause pain and discomfort. If you experience an injury to your teeth, it is important to seek prompt dental treatment to prevent further damage and to relieve your pain.

Infections

Infections can cause tooth pain in several ways. A bacterial infection inside your tooth can cause an abscess, a painful pocket of pus that can damage the surrounding tissues. An infection of the gums, also known as gingivitis, can cause pain, swelling, and redness in your gums. A sinus infection can also cause tooth pain, as the pressure from the infection can put pressure on the roots of your upper teeth.

Tooth grinding

Tooth grinding, also known as bruxism, can cause tooth pain by wearing down your teeth and exposing the nerves inside. Over time, tooth grinding can also cause headaches, jaw pain, and damage to your temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the joint that connects your jaw to your skull.

Sensitivity to temperature

Sensitivity to temperature can cause pain when you drink or eat hot or cold foods and drinks. This type of tooth pain is usually caused by exposed nerves in your teeth, which can occur as a result of gum disease, cavities, or tooth grinding.

Acidic foods and drinks

Eating or drinking acidic foods and drinks can cause tooth pain by eroding your enamel and exposing the nerves inside your teeth. This type of tooth pain is usually temporary, but it can become chronic if you consume acidic foods and drinks on a regular basis.

Sinusitis

Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses, which are air-filled cavities in your skull. Sinusitis can cause tooth pain because the pressure from the inflammation can put pressure on the roots of your upper teeth. If you experience tooth pain along with symptoms of sinusitis, such as a headache, congestion, and pressure in your face, it is important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Tooth pain can be caused by a variety of factors, and it is important to seek prompt treatment to prevent further damage and to relieve your pain. Your dentist or doctor can diagnose the cause of your tooth pain and recommend appropriate treatment, which may include antibiotics, pain relievers, or dental procedures. To prevent tooth pain, it is important to practice good oral hygiene, eat a balanced diet and visit your dentist every 6 months for cleanings.

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